At Superior Sod we stock a large variety of wonderful palm trees. You can click on each of our Palm Tree varieties below and you will be given a full explanation of the type of tree, best conditions, where and how to plant. For over a decade we have been supplying various palm trees and other cultivars. We have taken a lengthy period of time to understand the cultural practices and care of palms. We also had to learn which palms are winter hardy for our North Carolina Coastal environment. We have taken many trips to Florida searching for and meeting with the most reputable palm growers. We have also been in touch with Florida State University for all the technical information.
PREFERRED PALMS MUST BE WINTER HARDY FOR NORTH CAROLINA!
PALMETTO/CABBAGE PALM (Sabal palmetto) Native from NC to the Bahamas, this large single non-branching trunk grows to heights of 5 feet, naturally, on Bald Head Island, and up to 30 – 40 feet in the Wilmington area when transplanted from Florida. This palm grows at a slow to moderate rate rate of 4 – 6” per year. Sabals are harvested in Florida with the boots still attached. As this palm ages these boots will drop off. When the boots are “shaved” off with a machete or a chain saw, they are referred to as “Slick” Sabal Palms.
Environmental Tolerances: Hardy to zero degrees Fahrenheit, with some leaf damage starting to occur at the 10 degree mark. Sabals prefer good sun exposure and well drained soils, Tolerant of salt sprays and hurricanes.
PINDO PALM (Butia capitata) This palm has long pinnate leaves (fronds) that arch and re-curve towards the ground from a thick, stout trunk. Typically, the old leaf stalks persist for years, although specimens with clean trunks can be seen in the area.
Environmental Tolerances: Hardy to five degrees Fahrenheit with some possible leaf damage occurring at 15 degrees. Pindo Palms prefer full sun and well drained soils. They are very salt and hurricane tolerant.
EUROPEAN FAN/MEDITERRANEAN PALM (Chamaerops humilis) This attractive palm has become very popular in recent years, mostly due to its cold hardiness. The European Fan Palm forms clumps that can grow up to 8’ – 10’ in height in our Southeast NC area. The leaves are triangular and fan shaped. This is a variable plant both in color (the leaves range in color from blue green to a silver gray green, and the overall shape takes on many forms.
Environmental Tolerances: Hardy to -5 degrees Fahrenheit, with some leaf damage may occur at 10 degrees. Partial to full sun with good soil drainage is preferred. This Palm is very drought and salt tolerant.
WINDMILL PALM (Trachycarpus fortunei) Windmill Palms have a relatively slender single trunk that reaches 8 to 10 inches in diameter, and is typically a bit narrower at the base than that at the top. The trunks are usually covered with a loose mat of coarse gray or brown fiber. In older Windmills, the fiber sloughs away to reveal a smooth ringed surface. Windmills growing along the Southeast NC Coastline region can reach a height of 10 to 15 feet. Windmill Palms are one of the most cold hardy palms available.
Environmental Tolerances: Hardy to -5 degrees Fahrenheit, though leaf damage may occur at 5 degrees. Windmills prefer full sun to partial shade with a rich and moist, but still, well drained soil.
NEEDLE PALM (Rhapidophyllum hustrix) The Needle Palm is a smaller and shrub-like fan palm that grows to about 6’ in height. The Needle Palm does NOT form a trunk, but instead has a slowly lengthening crown that may grow to about 4’ long and 7’’ in diameter. The stems are composed of old leaf bases, fiber, and long slender spines. As each stem matures, more slender spines grow from between the leaf attachments. These “needles” are trimmed dark brown, very slender, and sharp, and can grow for up to 8” long. Needle Palms are one of the easiest palms to grow in the NC Coastline region.
Environmental Tolerances: Grows best in light shade with very moist soil. Needle palms are very salt tolerant.
DWARF PALMETTO (Sabal Minor) The Dwarf Palmetto is a small fan palm with a trunk that remains below ground. Depending upon age and growing conditions, the leaves can be anywhere from 1 to 5 feet in length and overall width. The smooth petiole (leaf stem) is a little longer than the leaf itself. This Palm is native to the South (from NC to Texas) and is commonly found on the river banks and flood plains.
Environmental Tolerances: Prefers a moist, sunny location, tolerating an occasional flooding. Very salt tolerant.
KING SAGO (Cycas revoluta) King Sagos are Cycas species, and are NOT palms. They have grown on earth since the Mesozoic Era. King Sagos can reach 4 to 6 feet in height and 6 feet wide. They are slow growing.
Environmental Tolerances: Cold Hardy to -10 degrees, however, foliage damage occurs yearly when winter temperatures fall to 20 degrees. Leaf burn occurs which only needs to be trimmed completely off to the trunk in the late spring.